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What Is MySQL? What Are the Differences Between It and SQL?

updated on Sep 14, 2014
What Is MySQL? What Are the Differences Between It and SQL? Up to now, we have received a large number of emails from our readers asking what MySQL is and what the differences between MySQL and SQL are. To give them comprehensive answers, we have browsed a pile of articles on the web and consulted many professional technicians and engineers, all of who know the 2 items very well.

In below, we have clearly explained the definitions of MySQL and SQL. Besides, we also have listed the main difference between the 2 items in detail. Now, proceed to learn the details.

What Is MySQL?

MySQL is the most famous open source relational database management system, which is developed and supported by Oracle Corporation that is the largest provider of information management software and services in the world. What's more, it is also a database management system, which is needed when people add, access and process the data stored in a computer database.

MySQL database can be managed simply using phpMyAdmin which is one of the best open source database software. What's more, MySQL software is open source, which means it is free for anyone to use. Besides, it can be modified by anyone who wants and has relevant knowledge.

What Is SQL?

What Is SQLHaving 3 major components – data manipulation language, data control language and date definition language, SQL(Structured Query Language) is the only language that most databases can understand, Besides, designed for managing data held in a relational database management system, it is also the set of instructions used to interact with relational databases.

Differences Between MySQL and SQL

After reading the information above, you now have a simple understanding of MySQL and SQL and know that the former one is a database management system and the latter one is a language for accessing and operating databases. Now, move on to learn the differences between the 2 programs.

Core Principles
The storage engine of MySQL is extensive and open, while that of its competitor is closed and proprietary. Besides, SQL only offers Sybase-derived engine, but it has full relational features by only offers Sybase-derived engine. However, MySQL provides several options, such as Heap, InnoDB, MyISAM and Berkeley DB, without full support for foreign keys.

MySQL was owned by a single Swedish company named as MySQL AB. Besides, its source code is made under the terms of GNU General Public License and many other proprietary agreements. Now, it is supported by Oracle Corporation. However, referred as Microsoft SQL Server, SQL is developed and supported by Microsoft.

MySQL VS SQL - SecuritySecurity is one of the most important concerns for data management, and it is also a major concern of webmasters around the world. Both MySQL and SQL have sufficient security support to build government applications. However, in this aspect, SQL wins a little by providing numerous tempting security features and using helpful tool to keep the SQL Server installation up to date. On the other hand, MySQL doesn't have such useful tool.

In this aspect, MySQL wins because of MyISAM. Compact on disk, MySIAM databases doesn't have many demands on the cycles and memory of CPU, so MySQL runs very well on UNIX, UNIX-like systems, as well as on Windows without any problem. However, the numerous features become the disadvantage of SQL because many of these features make the disk space less and performance worse.

The vendors of MySQL and SQL both offer free and paid technical support. There are many technical representatives in Oracle providing technical support for people. Besides, people are able to get help via the Virtual MySQL DBA Assistant. On the other hand, a free Microsoft SQL Server Migration Assistant helps people migrate data from Microsoft Access, Oracle, MySQL and Sybase to SQL Server easily.


From all the information we listed above, it can be seen that if you plan to create a Windows services architecture, SQL is the right option. On the contrary, if you try to create a third-party-hosted site, you should go with MySQL.